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America








(Lincecumii, Rupestris)

The notable qualities of America are vigor of growth and health of
foliage in vine, and persistence of berries, which have strongly
colored red juice, high sugar-content and excellent flavor. The grapes
wholly lack the foxy taste and aroma of Labrusca and the variety,
therefore, offers possibilities for breeding sorts lacking the foxy
flavor of Concord and Niagara. America has great resistance to heat
and cold. Also, it is said to be a suitable stock upon which to graft
Vinifera varieties to resist phylloxera. The vigor of the vine and the
luxuriance of the foliage make it an excellent sort for arbors.
America was grown by T. V. Munson, Denison, Texas, from seed of Jaeger
No. 43 pollinated by a male Rupestris. It was introduced about 1892.

Vine vigorous, hardy, productive. Canes long, numerous, dark
reddish-brown with heavy bloom; nodes enlarged, flattened;
tendrils intermittent, long, bifid. Leaves small, thin; upper
surface glossy, smooth; lower surface light green, hairy; lobes
lacking or faint, terminal one acute; petiolar sinus deep and
wide; teeth of average depth and width. Flowers self-sterile,
usually on plan of six, open late; stamens reflexed.

Fruit mid-season or later, keeps well. Clusters large, long,
broad, tapering, irregular, single-shouldered, compact; pedicel
short, slender with small warts; brush short, thick with red
tinge. Berries small, variable in size, round, purplish-black,
glossy with purplish-red pigment, astringent; flesh dull white
with faint red tinge, translucent, tender, melting, spicy, vinous,
sweet; good. Seeds free, two to five, long, pointed,
yellowish-brown.





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