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(Vulpina, Labrusca, Vinifera)

Canada is considered the most desirable hybrid between Vulpina and
Vinifera. The variety shows Vinifera more than Vulpina parentage;
thus, in susceptibility to fungal diseases, in shape, color and
texture of foliage, in the flavor of the fruit and in the seeds, there
are marked indications of Vinifera; while the vine, especially in the
slenderness of its shoots and in the bunch and berry, shows Vulpina.
Canada has little value as a dessert fruit but makes a very good red
wine or grape-juice. Canada is a seedling of Clinton, a
Labrusca-Vulpina hybrid, fertilized by Black St. Peters, a variety of
Vinifera. Charles Arnold, Paris, Ontario, planted the seed which
produced Canada in 1860.

Vine very vigorous, hardy, productive. Canes long, numerous,
slender, ash-gray, reddish-brown at nodes with heavy bloom; nodes
enlarged; internodes short; tendrils intermittent, short, trifid
or bifid. Leaves thin; upper surface light green, smooth; lower
surface pale green, hairy; terminal lobe acute; petiolar sinus
deep, narrow; basal sinus variable in depth and width; lateral
sinus deep and narrow; teeth deep and wide. Flowers self-sterile,
early; stamens upright.

Fruit mid-season, keeps well. Clusters long, slender, uniform,
cylindrical, compact; pedicel long, slender, smooth; brush short,
light brown. Berries small, round, purplish-black, glossy with
heavy bloom, persistent, firm; skin thin, tough, adherent; flesh
dark green, very juicy, fine-grained, tender, spicy, pleasant
vinous flavor, agreeably tart; good. Seeds free, one to three,
blunt, light brown.

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