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- A Comparison Of The Processes Of The Brewer With Those Of The Whiskey Distiller
- How To Order Apples In The Hogsheads
- To Sweeten Hogsheads By Burning
- Distilling Of Buckwheat
- Of The Formation Of Vinous Liquors With Grains In Order To Make Spirits
- Of Hogs
- Distilling Of Potatoes
- How To Build A Malt Kiln In Every Distillery
- Malt
- To Make Rye Malt For Stilling
- The Art Of Making Gin After The Process Of The Holland Distillers
- Profits Of A Common Distillery
- Of Spirituous Liquors Or Spirits
- How To Clarify Whiskey &c
- Precautions Against Fire
- How To Distil Apples
- How To Renew Yeast When Sour

Least Viewed

- To Set A Doubling Still
- Use Of The Kettle
- The Best Method Of Setting Stills
- To Make The Best Yeast For Daily Use
- To Mash Rye In The Common Mode
- To Mash One Third Rye And Two Thirds Corn
- On Fining Liquors
- The Following Receipt To Make An Excellent American Wine
- Of The Season For Brewing
- Observations On Erecting Distilleries
- To Make Ale Or Any Other Liquor That Is Too New Or Sweet Drink Stale
- To Recover Sour Ale
- To Sweeten Hogsheads By Scalding
- To Know When Yeast Is Good Or Bad
- To Make Elderberry Wine To Drink Made Warm As A Cordial
- On Colouring Liquors
- To Give An Aged Flavor To Whiskey



Observations On Water






Distillers cannot be too particular in selecting good water for
distilling, when about to erect distilleries.

Any water will do for the use of the condensing tubs or coolers, but
there are many kinds of water that will not answer the purpose of
mashing or fermenting to advantage; among which are snow and limestone
water, either of which possess such properties, as to require one fifth
more of grain to yield the same quantity of liquor, that would be
produced while using river water.

Any water will answer the distillers purpose, that will dissolve soap,
or will wash well with soap, or make a good lather for shaving.

River or creek water is the best for distilling except when mixed with
snow or land water from clay or ploughed ground. If no river or creek
water can be procured, that from a pond, supplied by a spring, if the
bottom be not very muddy will do, as the exposure to the sun, will
generally have corrected those properties inimical to fermentation. Very
hard water drawn from a deep well, and thrown into a cistern, or
reservoir and exposed to the sun and air for two or three days, has been
used in mashing with success, with a small addition of chop grain or
malt. I consider rain water as next in order to that from the river, for
mashing and fermentation. Mountain, slate, gravel and running water, are
all preferable to limestone, unless impregnated with minerals--many of
which are utterly at variance with fermentation. With few exceptions, I
have found limestone, and all spring water too hard for mashing,
scalding or fermenting.


Next: Precautions Against Fire

Previous: Observations On Weather



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