Treatment Of The Vine The First Summer

The first summer after planting nothing is necessary but to keep the

ground free from weeds, and mellow, stirring freely with hoe, rake,

plough, and cultivator, whenever necessary. Should the vines grow

strong they may be tied to the stakes provided in planting, to elevate

them somewhat above the ground. Allow all the laterals to grow, as it

will make the wood stronger and more stocky. They may even be

summer-layered in July, laying down the young cane, and covering the

main stem about an inch deep with mellow soil, leaving the ends of the

laterals out of the ground. With free-growing kinds, such as the

Concord and Hartford Prolific, these will generally root readily, and

make very good plants, the laterals making the stems of the layers.

With varieties that do not root so readily, as the Delaware and

Norton's Virginia, it will seldom be successful, and should not be

practiced. The vineyard may thus be made to pay expenses, and furnish

the vines for further plantations the first year. They are taken up and

divided in the fall, as directed in the chapter for layers. In the

fall, prune the vine to three buds, if strong enough, to one or two if

it has only made a weak growth. A fair growth is from four to five feet

the first summer. During the winter, trellis should be provided for the

vines, as we may expect them to grow from twelve to fifteen feet the

coming summer. The cheapest and most economical are those of strong

upright posts, say four inches in diameter, made of red cedar if it can

be had, if not, of any good, durable timber--mulberry, locust, or white

oak--and seven feet long, along which No. 10 wire is stretched

horizontally. Make the holes for the posts with a post-hole auger, two

feet deep; set in the posts, charred on one end, to make them durable.

If wire is to be used, one post every sixteen feet will be enough, with

a smaller stake between, to serve as a support for the wires. Now

stretch your wire, the lowest one about two feet from the ground, the

second one eighteen inches above it, and the third eighteen inches

above the second. The wires may be fastened to the posts by nails,

around which they can be twisted, or by loops of wire driven into the

post. Where timber is plenty, laths made of black oak may be made to

serve the same purpose; but the posts must then be set much closer, and

the wire will be the cheapest and neatest in the end. A good many

grape-growers train their vines to stakes, believing it to be cheaper,

but I have found it more expensive than trellis made in the above

manner, and it is certainly a very slovenly method, compared with the

latter. Trellis is much more convenient for tying the vines, the canes

can be distributed much more evenly, and the fruit and young wood, not

being huddled and crowded together as on stakes, will ripen much more

evenly, and be of better quality, as the air and sun have free access

to it.

Treatment Of Flat And Turbid Wine Treatment Of The Vine The Fourth Summer facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail